Electronic cigarette users can breathe a little easier today. Research just released by Professor Igor Burstyn, Drexel University School of Public Health, confirms that chemicals in electronic cigarettes pose no health concern for users or bystanders. This can be the first definitive study of electronic cigarette chemistry, and finds there are no health problems according to generally accepted exposure limits.
Electronic cigarettes are devices that heat a nicotine treatment for create an aerosol (called “vapor”) how the user inhales, just like smoking a cigarette. They are used as being a low-risk option to smoking by numerous former smokers, and their increasing popularity appears to account for the present downward trend in smoking from the U.S. and some other countries. While experts agree which the risks posed by electronic cigarettes are even less than others caused from smoking, there was some debate about how exactly lower the chance was.
By reviewing over 9,000 observations concerning the chemistry in the vapor plus the liquid in electronic cigarettes (e liquid), Dr. Burstyn could determine that the numbers of contaminants electronic cigarette users face are insignificant, far below levels that is going to pose any health risk. Additionally, there is no health risk to bystanders. Proposals to ban electronic cigarettes in places where smoking is banned have already been depending on concern there’s a simple potential risk to bystanders, though the study shows you cannot find any concern.
This is the earliest study funded from the through the Consumer Advocates for Smoke-free Alternatives (CASAA) Research Fund. CASAA, the top consumer advocacy group promoting the unbooked time and employ of low-risk choices to smoking, is an all-volunteer, donation-funded organization. CASAA President Elaine Keller said with the study, “In the past, there were a lot of small studies of electronic cigarette liquid (e liquid) and vapor, but those studies were either ignored or misinterpreted. Those who showed maybe the slightest contamination were utilized for propaganda by those who object to electronic cigarettes for the reason that mimic smoking. We realized that a pro review was necessary to give an unbiased explanation of the available scientific evidence for the membership and policy makers. We reached out to our membership and in addition they enthusiastically donated to restore possible.”
CASAA Scientific Director, Carl V. Phillips, summarized the need for the analysis, saying “They have always been clear that electronic cigarettes were much lower risk than smoking, but there is uncertainty about whether continuing to inhale a mixture of chemicals posed a measurable risk. Even those that have long encouraged smokers to modify certainly are a bit surprised that even worst-case-scenario risks are so low. This research assures us that electronic cigarettes are as low risk as other smoke-free tobacco and nicotine products, like smokeless tobacco and NRT. Many of these goods are about 99% less harmful than smoking, and so smokers who exchange signal of them gain simply the same many benefits just like they quit tobacco and nicotine entirely.”
Dr. Phillips added that “there was a involve ‘regulatory science’ by the FDA. This is often the science that is certainly was required to make good regulation and informed individual decisions: it summarizes each of the available knowledge and puts the numbers in the useful perspective.”
The research did caution that electronic cigarette users are inhaling substantial quantities on the main chemicals in electronic cigarette liquid (propylene glycol and glycerin). While these chemicals usually are not considered dangerous plus the levels are far below occupational exposure limits, Dr. Burstyn did suggest ongoing monitoring to be sure of there is no recourse. Caffeine contaminants are of even less concern. While we have seen many claims that formaldehyde, acrolein, nitrosamines, metals, and ethylene glycol found in electronic cigarette vapor poses a health hazard, case study figured that most of these have been discovered only at trivial levels that pose no health concern.
The learning failed to address the effects of nicotine because electronic cigarette users are consuming it intentionally. Nicotine, when it does not involve smoking, is quite safe and possesses not been clearly shown to cause any disease. However, like caffeine and also other common indulgences, you can get some tiny risk of heart attack and stroke, therefore electronic cigarettes, along with tobacco and nicotine products, are usually not risk-free. When there is any risk from nicotine, however, it’s so low that it is comparable to everyday hazards like drinking coffee or eating dessert, and is also far less as opposed to risk from smoking.
The study report is available here: